Hypospadias is a congenital birth defect that affects the urethral tube and the foreskin on a male’s penis. As the fetus develops, the urethra does not grow to its complete length. The urethra opening may not occur at the tip of the penis, but may be present on the underside of the penis. Also during fetal development, the foreskin does not develop completely, which typically leaves extra foreskin on the top side of the penis and no foreskin on the underside. Common symptoms of hypospadias may include abnormal appearance of foreskin and penis and abnormal direction of urine stream. The end of the penis may be curved downward.
Possible complications: Hypospadias may occur in some newborn boys who have other congenital abnormalities such as undescended testes or inguinal hernias. If left untreated, the hypospadias may lead to messy urination, urinary tract infections and incontinence.
Treatment: Hypospadias can usually be successfully repaired with surgery.
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