Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a condition in which the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises as a result of the fluid – which normally flows in and out of the eye – not being able to drain properly. Instead, the fluid collects and causes pressure damage to the optic nerve (a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that connects the retina with the brain) and loss of vision. Glaucoma may affect just one eye or both. A child with glaucoma may have excessive tearing, sensitivity to bright lights, closure of one or both eyes in the light, a cloudy, enlarged cornea, one eye may be larger than the other, and any level of vision loss. Treatment: Pediatric glaucoma is treated by lowering the intraocular pressure through medical and/or surgical means. Most cases of primary pediatric glaucoma are treated with surgery to open the eye’s drainage canals. Eye drops and oral medications are the primary treatments for secondary and juvenile glaucoma and are often used after surgery in primary pediatric glaucoma as well. Many children with pediatric glaucoma will also develop nearsightedness and will need to wear glasses.
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